Don Francisco Fababa Tangoa, 85 years old, is one of the Amazonian men who still live in the time, being a descendant of father San Martinense (from San Martin) and mother Balsapuertina, he was born on December 22, 1933, in the community of Bolivar on the Ucayali river , Now he lives in the Community of Puerto Miguel-Quebrada Yarapa.

From a very young age he used to go with his father to the jungle to learn the skills in the extraction of rubber latex or shiringa, main and important work in those years. Don Panchito (as he is affectionately known for the local people) used to get up very early in the morning every day, took his faca (small dagger), tishela (brass container), brass bucket and machete, his work began at 5 am and stretched At 3 o’clock, when he was just returning home for lunch. He was so dedicated to his work that he made the most of his time.

Once in his work center (the jungle) he located the rubber tree or shiringa, looked closely and with joyful eyes made the first cut at the approximate height of his forehead and almost instantly the tree emanated his latex and he placed The tishela to pick it up, then he followed its route to the next tree that was not very far away and he used to do the same operation all the time.

During his working day he could scratch and bleed up to 50 trees, “were good times”, he says us. After scratching and placing the tishelas in the last tree of the day, he returned to the first tree and emptied the latex into the bigger brass bucket, he used to do the same operation in each of the trees worked before. In a day of work he could collect up to 30 liters of latex, which went into a smoking process to form solidified latex balls, a product that was delivered to a merchant going to the town to buy, not only don Panchito, but also other rubber workers. Don panchito didn´t work only on rubber latex, but also work the “balata” and “leche caspi”. With the money that he used to get for kg of latex ball, he used to buy basic foods, like rice, sugar, salt, kerosene, clothes among others. But the meat, he got it from the jungle; it was good and abundant times he says.

When Don Panchito was 16 years old he joined to the Peruvian Army Camp “Curaray” -Rio Napo, after two years he returned to form his own family and wanted to keep working the rubber, but the prices were very low and the merchant was almost not going to buy the latex balls any more, so he decided to do other activities such as yute, barbasco, tagua or yarina, aguaje, chonta, Piabas (babies fish) and animal hunting (mitayo). As part of his thousand trades he suffered many serious accidents, such as: when he struck down a tree he squeezed his feet, but he was almost unharmed, he was also bitten by a poisonous snake and in one of the animal hunts he was shot in the abdomen. As a good amazonian man he survived all these accidents.

Nowadays he is already engaged in fishing and agriculture, but he remembers all those years with nostalgia and concern for what he says: “children will suffer hunger when there are no plants and animals on the mountain”.



Like all the forests of the Amazonian lowland forest, deforested by illegal loggers, our concession presents areas with loss of timber trees, which do not exceed 2 hectares, so after a rapid biological inventory (IBR) timber trees were found as : Eschweilera juruensis “Machimango”, Maquira coriacea “capinuri”, Callycophyllum spruceanum “capirona”, Manilkara bidentata “quinilla”, Hebea brasiliensis “rubber or shiringa” and “cedar” Cedrella odorata; The species most threatened by the value of its wood.

It is thus that, we decided to reforest these degraded areas, with “cedar” for which we perform the following steps.

1) Location of seedlings: goes to the places where there is natural regeneration or seedlings to begin:

  • Selection of seedlings: with the purpose of choosing seedlings from 25cm up to 45cm.
  • Extraction: once the seedlings are chosen with the help of a tool the soil is collected and extracted with great care, without damaging the roots, leaves and stem.
  • Packing and Moving: the extracted seedlings are placed on sheets of paper, preferably moist, and then moved to the workplace.


2) Repique

  • Preparation of the fertilizer and bagging: the fertilization is get from the dead wood, mixed with the black soil together, in which the leaves, roots or hard material are removed, then the fertilizer is placed into the plastic bags.
  • Selection of seedlings: before planting the seedlings in the plastic bag, a new selection is made, in order to choose the best plants, with complete roots, straight stem and no broken buds and leaves.


3. Reforestation

  • Location and preparation of the area to be reforested: the area destined for reforestation will have a perimeter of easy access, for which it will be delimited.
  • Preparation of “Fajas”: every 3m in parallel form we make a “faja”, in which it will be a path of easy access without much ridding the existing vegetation.
  • Sowing: at the beginning of each “Faja” a hole is made on the ground in which the seedlings are placed at a distance of 3m of each other, it is marked with a tape for identification.
  • Registration: all the seedlings planted will be registered on a physical and digital basis.
  • Environmental education to the inhabitants of the communities from the area of ​​influence of the ecotourism concession, as a development and conservation tool.
    • Creation of a large private conservation unit to mitigate climate and landscape change in the area of ​​the Cumaceba and Yarapa creek.
    • Creation of a historical base of the rubber boom in the Yarapa and Cumaceba creek, revaluing the participation of native people.